WW1 24/7 12 September – 3 October 1914

First World War dot Com Table

From ‘The Chronology of the War’ (out of copyright)

The Western Front Association ‘Diary of the War’ (From The Times Index and Diary of the War (1928) Out of copyright.

 

Saturday, 12 September 1914

Troyon: Germans compelled to raise siege.

Luneville rec-occupied by the French.

Belgian sortie from Antwerp threatens German communications.

Sir J French at Fère-en-Tardenois.

 

Sunday, 13 September

Four day’s battle N of Brussels begun.

Battle of the Aisne opened.

Reims, Soissons and Amiens recaptured by Allies.

Germans begin to drive the Belgians back into Antwerp; Battle along line Aerschot-Malines.

 

French Sixth Army crossed Aisne; British at Venizel and between Venizel and Missy, at Vailly, Chavonne, Pont-Arcy and Bourg.

Nancy-Vosges sector cleared.

 

Monday, 14 September

Battle of the Aisne begins (continued till Sep. 28).

Germans halt on the Aisne and north of Reims.

Heavy fighting round Missy and Vailly.

French Sixth Army carried Aisne line at Compiègne-Soissons, and advanced against plateau beyond.

British Army dug in on slopes, except First Corps on right under Sir Douglas Haig, which advanced to Troyon – Cour-de-Soupir, facing Chemin-des-Dames. 

French Fifth Army attacked Craonne Plateau.

Germans clinging to Berry-au-bac. French Ninth and Fourth Armies advanced; latter took Souain. Crown Prince’s Army in retreat; headquarters removed from St Ménéhould to Montfaucon. Châlons-Verdun line clear.

British 6th Division now concentrated South of Marne; proceeding to Aisne front.

 

Tuesday, 15 September

The Aisne: Heavy German counter-attacks: Soissons shelled.

The Argonne: Germans begins slow advance, continued to 21 October.

Arras occupied by Germans

On the Aisne the Germans drove back French Sixth Army; French flank attack towards Noyon continued and held by newly-arrived German IXth Reserve Corps. Soissons shelled and on fire.

 

Wednesday, 16 September

By this date British Naval Transport Service had cleared Boulogne, Havre, and Rouen.

During preceding six days there had left Havre 20,000 officers and men, 4,000 horses and 60,000 tonnes of stores.

British armed motor cars under Commander Samson cut up Uhlans near Doullens.

Brigadier-General Haking, British 5th Infantry Brigade, wounded.

Lull in British Aisne sector. French Fifth Army before Craonne Plateau. French Sixth Army clinging to German flank about Noyon.

The Aisne: General Joffre abandons frontal attacks and forms plan to turn the German right.

Germans enter Valenciennes.

 

Thursday, 17 September

The Aisne: Heavy fighting around Soissons.

Sir John French’s second despatch (published 19 October).

Malines – Aerschot Battle ended.

Belgians retired on Antwerp.

 General von Beseler’s Antwerp Army Group formed.

General Bridoux, who had taken over General Sordet’s 1st Cavalry Corps, killed in a raid on German communications E from Roye.

French Sixth Army regained ground between Soissons-Compiègne.

British before Chemin-des-Dames repelled Germans. French lost Craonne. French Ninth Army fell back on Reims.

 

Friday, 18 September

Parliament prorogued. King’s Speech; “We are fighting for a worthy purpose”.

Mr. Asquith’s Edinburgh speech.

Cape Garrison at Southampton.

General Maunoury to stand at Soissons–Bailly pending formation of fresh Army under Gneral Castelnau NW of Noyon.

Allies held up on Aisne. British pressed at Troyon and French ninth Army at Riems. Bombardment of Reims begun.

Brigadier-General the Earl of Cavan arrived in France to command 4th (Guards) Brigade, vice Brigadier-General Scott-Kerr, wounded.

 

Saturday, 19 September

The Aisne: Strong general German attacks: also on the Meuse forts (Verdun).

Grand Fleet in North Sea proceeding southward.

German attacks on Aisne and Meuse Heights.

Reims Cathedral bombarded.

 

Sunday, 20 September

RM Brigade and Oxfordshire Hussars, under gen Aston, landed at Dunkirk.

French Second Army (Gen de Castlenau) reformed NW of Noyon.

Reims Cathedral bombarded.

German attack on Fort Troyon (Meuse) repulsed.

Mr. Lloyd George’s speech to Welshmen on German barbarities.

 

Monday, 21 September

Gen Rawlinson in temporary command 4th Division, vice Gen Snow, invalided.

 

Tuesday, 22 September

The Aisne: A day of comparative calm.

Dusseldorf: sheds raided by British airmen.

HMS Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue (12,000 tons each) sunk in succession by U 9 (Kapitän-Leutnant Otto Weddigen) with 5 torpedoes about 30 miles W by S from Ymuiden. Some 60 officers and 1,400 men lost.

British air raid on Düsseldorf Zeppelin sheds.

 

Wednesday, 23 September

The Aisne: The battle extends northward along the River Oise.

 

 

Thursday, 24 September

Z IX raided Ostend.

Germans occupied Péronne.

The Aisne: The battle tends to stalemate.

 

 

Friday, 25 September

The Aisne: Reims again bombarded.

Battle of Albert begun by the Germans to prevent encirclement.

Noyon and Lassigny taken from the French.

Camp-des-Romains and St. Mihiel on the Meuse taken by the Germans.

Albert Battle begun.

De Catlenau driven out of Lassigny – Noyon. Heavy fighting at Ribécourt – Albert.

 

Saturday, 26 September

Z IX raided Boulogne.

Germans beseiging Antwerp.

Gen von Lüttwitz, Military Commandant of Brussels, ordered arrest of M Max, Burgomaster of the city.

Malines bombarded and set on fire.

Germans driven out of Audeghem.

Fierce Oise – Somme fighting.

Gen de Castlenau halted at Ribécourt – Roye – Chaulnes – Bray-sur-Somme; to await formation of new Army on his left flank.

Mr Churchill visited Sir John French on the Aisne.

Germans failed to cross Meuse at St Mihiel.

Indian Expeditionary Force landed at Marseilles.

 

Sunday, 27 September

The Aisne: Battle dying down.

Battle of Albert: Heavy fighting continued.

Malines occupied by the Germans.

 

Monday, 28 September

German air raid on Paris.

Attack on Antwerp continued.

Aisne Battle ended; Albert battle continued.

Gen Sixt von Armin’s IVth (Prussian) Corps transferred from First Army front to Sixth Army before Arras.

French counter-attack about Reims.

Great Britain: Resignation of Prince Louis Battenberg from office of First Sea Lord.

 

Tuesday, 29 September

Yser: Germans retake Lobartzyde.

Neuve-Chapelle retaken by the British.

Yser: Germans take Ramscapelle.

The Belgians open the sluices of the canal.

Heavy fighting round Festubert (La Bassee).

Antwerp Fort Wavre Ste Catherine silenced.

Albert battle ended.

Sir J French proposed to General Joffre immediate transfer of British forces from Aisne to left flank of Allied line in the West.

Yser: Germans take Ramscapelle.

The Belgians open the sluices of the canal.

Heavy fighting round Festubert (La Bassee).

Great Britain: Lord Fisher appointed First Sea Lord.

Turkey enters the war on the German side.

 

Wednesday, 30 September

Antwerp waterworks destroyed.

During September there arrived in France the London Scottish and the HAC infantry battalion.

First recorded air-combat took place on Western Front during September, and during this period the Royal Flying Coprs first fitted an aeroplane with a gun.

New French army concentrated round Amiens and Lens. French Tenth Army (General Maud’huy) brought up round Arras-Lens, extending Allied flanking movement. Group formed by French Second and Tenth Armies placed under General Foch. Battle extends northwards round Roye and Arras.

French occupy Lille.

 

Thursday, 1 October

Battle before Arras.

Preliminary orders issued for transfer of BEF from Aisne to left of Allied line. B.E.F. begins to leave the Aisne and move west and the north.

Battle round Roye: Vain German efforts to break French line.

St. Mihiel: French destroy bridge made over Meuse.

Antwerp: Fort Waelhem silenced.

 

 

Friday, 2 October

Great Britain: Mr Asquith’s speech at Cardiff disclosing German proposals to Britain in 1912.

Battle round Arras: French hard pressed.

Antwerp: Belgians retire across the Nethe: Germans occupy Termonde.

Admiralty ordered defensive minefield to be laid in Southern area of North Sea.

 

 

Saturday, 3 October

Ypres occupied by the Germans.

Antwerp: Fall of outer defences: Legations leaving.

Admiral von Pohl conveyed Kaiser’s order (2-x.-14) to Admiral von Ingenohl and to the latter’s Chief of Staff, Admiral Eckermann, at Wilhelmshaven, and informed them that the battle cruisers migt be used for offensive raids.

Mr Churchill arrived at Antwerp to concert measures for delaying withdrawal of Belgian Field Army.

Antwerp outer defences fell; German attempt to cross Nethe at Waelhem failed.

Germans reached Ypres.

Transfer of British Army to West Flanders begun.

General Willcocks GOC Indian Contingent, reported himself at British GHQ on arrival in France.

At Orleans, the Indian advance base, there had arrived the 15th Lancers, one artillery brigade, and two infantry brigades.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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